ICAC: Global Cotton Stocks Expected to Fall
The International Cotton Advisory Committee's latest report says global cotton ending stocks are expected to shrink by the end of 2009-10.
December 3, 2009
Global cotton ending stocks are expected to shrink by 13 percent to 10.7 million tons by the end of 2009-10. This would be the largest decline in stocks since 2002-03, and it is explained by the combination of lower production and rebounding consumption.
World cotton production is projected at 22.2 million tons in 2009-10, 5 percent lower than in 2008-09 due to lower yields. This is the third consecutive season of decline in global cotton production, the result of a decrease in price competitiveness of cotton vs. competing crops, and also, in the last two seasons, of a weakening of cotton yields. The production drop this season is driven by a 16 percent fall in Chinese production, to 6.8 million tons.
However, production is expected to increase by 5 percent to 5.2 million tons in India and by 8 percent to 2.1 million tons in Pakistan. U.S. production is forecast slightly lower than last season, at 2.7 million tons.
World cotton mill use is projected up by 2 percent to 23.8 million tons in 2009-10, pushed by the global economic recovery. Amongst the seven largest cotton consumers, only the Asian ones (China, India, Pakistan and Bangladesh) are expected to experience growth in cotton mill use during 2009-10. The combined share of these four Asian countries in world cotton mill use is forecast at 70 percent.
World imports are projected up by 6 percent to 7.0 million tons in 2009-10, driven by stronger mill use. Chinese imports are expected to increase by 15 percent to 1.8 million tons to make up for the smaller crop. Exports from India could rebound to 1.4 million tons, driven by a large exportable surplus. However, U.S. exports could decrease by 21 percent to 2.3 million tons.